New research is to increase knowledge about memory disorders

New research is to increase knowledge about memory disorders

Today, many individuals have dementia. The number of dementia sufferers is expected to increase by 20 per cent within 30 years. The Alzheimer's Foundation has therefore created Sweden's first scientific Alzheimer's report, which can be read by a common man to increase knowledge about the memory diseases.

It is rarely a symptom of illness to forget where we put our keys, but if we start to forget important things like meetings or the names of a close friend, it may be time to sense remorse.

Whether we have Alzheimer's in the family or not, there may be a reason to pay attention to signs of oblivion. There are various ways to prevent and strengthen one's brain, and it is possible to affect the brain regardless of age positively. DHA is a fatty acid that makes up a large part of the brain's mass, low levels of DHA are associated with smaller brain size, so it is essential to take extra or gain plenty in the diet. Supplements of DHA reduce inflammation, counteract plaque, and increase blood supply to the brain.

Dementia is one of the significant challenges of our time, as it often causes great suffering for both affected and loved ones. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common dementia disease, but many have multiple diagnoses at the same time. Lewy body, frontal lobe dementia and vascular dementia are other dementia diseases.

Every year, more than 25,000 people receive a dementia diagnosis and about the same number die in their dementia. Figures from the Alzheimer’s Foundation say that eight per cent of people over 65 have dementia and 20 per cent of those over 80. At 90 and over, about half of Swedes have dementia. 

Even younger people can suffer from dementia and today, approximately 10,000 Swedes have dementia. Most are between 60 and 65 years.

Women are affected more often than men

When dementia begins to develop, brain cells start to disappear and die to an abnormal extent. The disease is stealthy, and the condition of the patient gradually deteriorates due to damage to parts of the brain. A memory disorder isn’t the same as forgetting, and if you are worried about yourself or your someone in your area, it is a good idea to contact the health care provider for an investigation.

More women than men suffer from dementia. It is uncertain why, but one of many possible explanations is menopause and the falling estrogen level. 

Another example is when the so-called Women’s Study, conducted in Gothenburg in the late 1960s on middle-aged women, showed that those who had high levels of a specific amino acid in their blood had twice the risk of developing Alzheimer’s several years later. When a person is deficient in folic acid and other B vitamins, the levels of homocysteine in the blood can rise.

Prejudice and ignorance

When a family member suffers from a dementia disease, the life of the relative’s changes. There are many questions about how life will be affected and progress. Therefore, the Alzheimer’s Foundation has published a scientific report, which is the first of its kind, to provide the reader with a basic knowledge of the most common dementia diseases.

– We must break the stigma that applies to dementia diseases. There are so many prejudices, myths and ignorance that surround these diseases and we have to change that, says Liselotte Jansson, secretary-general of the Alzheimer’s Foundation in a press release.

The report is a scientific compilation of the latest research projects in Sweden as well as some international projects. Here, among other things, we discuss how we will cure, the causes behind the disease and the hereditary factors. The compilation shows new methods for diagnosing the disease and that it highlights lifestyle changes that can reduce the risk of suffering.

Encouraging research

– There are many exciting research projects in Sweden, and our researchers are successful when it comes to diagnostics, for example.
There is also promising research aimed at finding brake medicine within the next few years. Alzheimer’s disease starts in the brain up to twenty years before the first symptoms become evident. There are also encouraging research projects about what we can do to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, says Liselotte Jansson.

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