AI has discovered antibiotics that kill resistant bacteria
The world may have got a new tool against antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Researchers in the United States have used artificial intelligence (AI) to detect a new type of antibiotic.
AI in the fight against the corona virus
Chinese search engine giant Baidu has opened up its algorithm to predict RNA for players working with epidemic prevention and various scientific research institutes around the world. According to the company, the time to study the coronavirus secondary RNA structure can be reduced from 55 minutes to 27 seconds with their algorithm.
Alibaba has also entered into a partnership with The Global Health Drug Discovery Institute, which is supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, among others. The aim is that together they will develop an open source IT platform where AI will be used to detect coronavirus.
The fact that bacteria are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics is a significant threat to human health, according to the World Health Organization.
About 700,000 people are estimated to die each year because of this resistance. That figure is expected to have risen to ten million a year by 2050 if nothing is done, according to the UN agency.
Now scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) may have made an important breakthrough in the fight against antibiotic resistance, multiple media reports.
By using an advanced algorithm with machine learning to analyze chemical compositions that can fight infections, researchers have found a new type of antibiotic.
Effective against several bacteria
– I think this is one of the more powerful antibiotics discovered so far, says James Collins, professor at MIT, according to the BBC.
The finding has been effective against several antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The researchers call the new type of antibiotic Halicin after Hal, the artificial intelligence in the classic film “The Year 2001 – a space adventure”.
The results of the study have been published in the journal Cell.
Facts / Antibiotic resistance
Antibiotics are used to treat infections caused by bacteria. An example of antibiotics is penicillin.
However, overuse of antibiotics has led to some bacteria becoming resistant, resistant. Resistance has become a significant problem in many countries.
The risk of resistance is reduced if the antibiotic is not used unnecessarily and if the bacteria are not exposed to too low or short-term doses.
For a healthy person, it is usually not dangerous to be infected by a resistant bacterium. However, it can be life-threatening for someone who is seriously ill or has been operated on.
According to a UN agency report last year, at least 700,000 people are estimated to die each year due to antimicrobial resistance, ie, infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria, parasites, viruses, or fungi. According to the forecast, the number by 2050 will be up to ten million deaths per year.
Sources: National Encyclopedia, Health Guide and WHO